Professional perspective on various causes of obesity
Obesity has increased in the United States, and has increased to 33% in the last 10 years. 31% of men and 35% of women are obese, and the prevalence varies with age and ethnicity.
Obesity is about the weight of obese young people; the incidence of obesity in black and white males is roughly the same; the incidence of obesity in Spanish men is slightly higher than in whites and blacks; blacks and whites are higher than whites.
For example, about 60% of black middle-aged women are obese, about 33% less than white women.
銆€銆€Etiology Obesity is caused by a transformation of the body implant that exceeds the consumption.
Genetic and environmental factors also have an effect on body weight, but it is unclear how they actually interact to determine a person’s weight.
One explanation is that the level of adjustment of body weight is determined by the range of a “regulation point”, just like a thermostat setting temperature.
If the set adjustment point is higher than normal, it can explain why some people are too much, why it is difficult to maintain after losing weight.
銆€銆€Recent research on genetic factors suggests that, on average, genetics affects about 33% of body weight, but for some people the effect may be greater or less than 33%.
銆€銆€Social factors such factors have a significant impact on obesity, especially women.
In the United States, the highest rate of women with the highest socioeconomic growth rate is a pair of women with higher socioeconomic growth.
Why socio-economic factors have such a strong influence on women’s weight is not fully understood, but the trend of weight-loss is indeed increasing with the rise of social status.
Women with higher socioeconomic levels have the time and financial resources to pay attention to diet and exercise, so that they can meet these social fashions.
銆€銆€Psychological factors used to think that emotional disorders are an important cause of excessive, and now it is considered a response to obesity’s prejudice and discrimination.
One type of mental disorder is self-defeating, a serious problem among many young obese women.
Leading them to be very inferior and uncomfortable in social interactions.
銆€銆€Bulimia (see section 86) and night eclipse syndrome, two abnormal eating habits affect obesity, often induced by stress and emotional disturbances.
Bulimia is similar to neuropathic appetite except that it does not cause vomiting after eating a large amount of food.
Therefore, more quantum is added.
Night eclipse syndrome includes anorexia in the morning, excessive appetite, excitement, and insomnia at night.
銆€銆€Growth factors The number or volume of fecal cells is increased or both volume and number are increased, resulting in an increase in the amount of micro-organism stored in the body.
Obese people, especially those who have begun to become obese in children, may have four times more cells than normal-weight people. Since the number of cells cannot be reduced, reducing the weight can only reduce the small amount of each cell.
銆€銆€Physical activity reductions in physical activity may be one of the leaders in the affluent society.
In the United States, even though the daily average daily consumption is 10% lower than in 1900, the incidence of obesity is twice as high.
People who are often sitting need a change.
Physical activity increases, people with normal weight may increase their intake, and the absorption of too many people does not necessarily increase.
銆€銆€What is rare in hormones is obesity caused by endocrine disorders.
銆€銆€Brain damage is rare, and brain damage, especially hypothalamic damage, can cause excessive symptoms.
銆€銆€Some commonly used drugs can cause weight gain.
These include corticosteroids such as prednisone, antidepressants, and many drugs used to treat mental disorders.
銆€銆€Symptoms Excessive tissue buildup in the underarms and chest wall compresses the lungs, even if the amount of activity is small, can cause difficulty breathing and shortness of breath.
Difficulty breathing can severely interfere with sleep, causing brief apnea (sleep breathing), leading to daytime sleepiness and other complications.
銆€銆€Obesity can cause a variety of weight problems, including lower back pain, increased osteoarthritis, especially hip, knee and replacement.
Skin diseases are very common.
Obese people have a relatively long-term discomfort and weight ratio, and cannot effectively change their discomfort.
Therefore, sweating is more than thin people.
Common foot gland edema.
銆€銆€Increased complications increase the incidence and death of many diseases as well as the risk of trauma and accidents.
And these risks increase with obesity, and the risk is also affected by a few accumulation sites.A small number of males accumulate in the abdomen (abdominal obesity), and a small number of females accumulate in the thighs and buttocks (lower body obesity).
Diabetes is closely related to high-risk factors and is also closely related to its three main risk factors: hypertension, adulthood diabetes, and high blood lipid levels.
It is unclear why abdominal obesity increases these risk factors.
But losing weight can significantly reduce these risks in patients with abdominal obesity.
Most hypertensive patients have reduced blood pressure after weight loss.
Adult diabetic patients who lose more than half of their body weight stop using insulin or other medications.
銆€銆€Certain cancers are more common in obese people.
These include breast cancer, uterine and ovarian cancer in women, colon cancer in men, prostate cancer and prostate cancer.
Obese people have a higher incidence of menstrual disease, and gallbladder disease is three times that of the average person.